Needs Analysis for Sport




The first thing to do before writing any Sport Performance program is to do a needs analysis. A needs analysis for sport is the process of analyzing the requirements and demands of that particular sport. This is obviously crucial for any sport since the needs and the demands of that sport is vital for the training program design. The main areas to look into are: Physiological, movement patterns, injury risk, and areas such as competition schedule. Below is a brief Needs Analysis for soccer. Physiological: All energy system goes hand in, but the two that are most commonly used are the ATP-PCR and the Glycolytic energy system since the sports consist of short bursts combined with some more extended running efforts. Max VO2 is relevant to the sport since a higher Max VO2 results in superior recovery across repeated bouts of high-intensity intermittent exercise. Lactate threshold is also a component to address because the higher threshold an athlete has, the longer they can maintain a faster running speed without getting fatigued. Movement: Soccer consists of both linear speed and agility. It's not often soccer players reach top speed; hence, acceleration should be the main focus. Soccer is all about extension, both when shooting and running. Rotational power is a crucial component as well, especially in movements related to change of direction. Soccer is lower body dominant, particularly lower body push and should, therefore, be a main priority in the program design when determining strength and power development. Yet, lower body pull, and antiextension together with antirotation for the core, are crucial for minimizing injury risk. Injury risk: The most common injuries for soccer is related to the knee, and the achilles since a lot of stress is put on these joints when running. Lower leg and hamstring strains are common to see as well. The most frequent time of the year for injuries is during in-season as there are a lot of games. Other: A collegiate soccer player is usually between the age of 18-24. The in-season schedule lasts from approximately September to December. Off-season from January to May. And then pre-season from June to August. Note that terms in-season, pre-season, and off-season are just terms without a clear definition. Therefore, it is more important to determine the focus of each macro-, meso-, and microcycle rather than trying to label whatever the athletes are in- or off-season.


Sources:

Needs Analysis Definition

Injuries

Injuries

Max VO2 and recovery

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